Hopping over to Stockholm

Reading time 6 minutes

This week my work took me to Stockholm to visit a potential supplier. I always look forward to visiting the Swedish capital since the public transport is efficient, the city is small and the air is so clean that it makes one’s nostrils tingle. What’s more, there’s an all-pervading air of quality which is common to all Scandinavian cities. The architecture, unsullied by the devastation of war, is pretty special too. As luck would have it, my hotel was situated directly opposite Humlegården, a large public park anchored by the imposing Swedish Royal Library. Between sunrise and the start of the working day I went to explore.

The Swedish Royal Library in Humlegården, Stockholm

Humlegården was originally a royal garden, founded in 1626 by King Gustav II Adolf for the cultivation of hops (Humulus lupulus). Whilst today many of us enjoy the occasional beer, in the Middle Ages people could not get enough of it (in London it was deemed safer to drink than water, which was probably true). Beer consumption in Sweden was so high that according to King Gustav Vasa in 1530, one-ninth of the value of iron produced in Sweden was spent on importing hops in order to sate the nation’s incredible thirst.

Prunus serrrula, the Tibetan cherry

Unfortunately the chosen site did not prove especially productive and so after ten years plans were hatched to redesign the garden in the French style. That plan never came to fruition, but fruit did come in the form of hundreds of apple, pear, cherry and plum trees. Once again there were problems, ones that all gardeners will relate to: Stockholm’s wildlife failed to acknowledge the garden’s royal status and pillaged the kingly produce at will. As a result the gardeners spent most of their time shooting birds and rodents rather than tending to their trees.

One of Humlegården’s three main avenues of heavily-pollarded trees

In the 1680s Queen Ulrika Eleonora began the slow transformation of Humlegården into an ornamental park by commissioning Nicodemus Tessin the Younger to build a spectacular summerhouse. This was later replaced by a rotunda used for theatrical performances until that was also demolished. In 1885, a few years after the imposing new Royal Library building was completed, a statue commemorating esteemed botanist and zoologist Carl Linnaeus was erected in roughly the same place as the queen’s summerhouse. By now the garden had been greatly simplified and relaid in the English style with avenues, serpentine walks and a collection of specimen trees.

A statue commemorating one of history’s most famous scientists, Carl Linnaeus (enobled to Carl von Linné) (1707-1778). Linnaeus formalised binomial nomenclature, the modern system of naming organisms. He is known as the Father of Modern Taxonomy.

February is almost certainly not the best month in which to enjoy the pleasures of Humlegården, but it is excellent if one wishes to study its layout. The park is now surrounded by elegant streets and tree-lined avenues housing shops and businesses. In the winter everything appears bare and parched, although I spied a few clumps of snowdrops thrusting bravely through the frosted ground. The picture in summer is very different and reminiscent of London’s Green Park, one of eight Royal parks in the British capital. There are open lawns and shady groves thronged with city folk and tourists looking for somewhere to relax and pass the time.

Tucked away in a quite corner you’ll find Omnipollos Flora, an establishment serving craft beer during the summer months. As customers quaff their chilled öl (ale) beneath the trees, I wonder if they realise they are maintaining a tradition which has had its roots in this place for more than five hundred years. TFG.

‘Seated Figure’ by British Sculptor Sean Henry

Categories: Climbers, Fruit and Veg, Garden Design, Large Gardens, Parks, Photography, Plants, Travel, Urban Gardens

Posted by The Frustrated Gardener

Greetings Garden Lover! Welcome to my blog. Plants are my passion and this is my way of sharing that joyful emotion with the world. You'll find over 1000 posts here featuring everything from abutilons to zinnias. If you've enjoyed what you've read, please leave a comment and consider subscribing using the yellow 'Follow' button in the bottom, right-hand corner of your screen. You will receive an email every time I post something new.

Leave a Reply

13 comments On "Hopping over to Stockholm"

  1. My goodness! The sculpture of the old man looks so realistic — especially the hands and face — that I though he WAS real, and had sat so long that winter froze him solid like a statue. Quite an artist, eh?

    1. I’m most particular about sculpture but I thought this one was remarkable for all the reasons you’ve mentioned. I felt he had a hint of Jeremy Corbyn about him – someone who certainly knows how it feels to be left out in the cold.

    1. It’s quite a common sight in Europe. A lot of street trees, especially London planes, outgrow their space and need regular pollarding to stop them damaging buildings. When done well it is quite attractive.

      1. I get the impression that the technique is more acceptable there. Smaller trees are available, but pollarded larger trees seem to be preferred. There are several advantages to it. Such trees do not easily blow down or drop limbs. They are also more resilient to disease. It may date back to a time when it served some sort of purpose. For example, a long time ago, those who live with the trees might have stored the debris for kindling the following season (like we do now).

  2. OOoooo I think that Cherry tree is the most handsome cherry tree I have ever seen. It looks like the garden gods stacked all the surplus woods together with slices of cherry pieces to make this tree.

    This garden looks good even during winter. I always cringe when I see big trees pollarded. I suppose it is because I wasn’t raised seeing these things. I do like a wild cultivated look.

    I thought that fellow sitting in the garden was real. I don’t think I have seen a painted sculpture like that that looks so real before.

    Thanks so much for taking us along. You do get around to the most interesting places.

    1. That’s true! Although I got up very early to enjoy this particular moment! In Europe pollarded trees are quite a common sight both in cities and in the countryside. It’s a way of managing their size, but I agree it’s a different kind of beauty to behold.

  3. I had to take a second look at the sculpture at the end, I thought you’d found some poor chap who had frozen to death! That’s one realistic sculpture! I bet he gives a lot of folk a scare. I’d love to visit Stockholm. I like Scandinavia and the whole ethos of the country, although I know they have their problems too. Thanks for the visit.

    1. It’s amazing isn’t it? He’s actually enormous, so no mistaking that he’s real. The swedes are super friendly and very welcoming. They are also excellent at speaking English which makes it very easy to develop a rapport. Hope you get to visit someday.

  4. Thank you for the tour.
    Do you ever visit pritate gardens in the countries you visit?
    If you ever visit Denmark I’ll be glad to help you to find some gardens near you. Just let me know.
    Regards Lisbeth

Follow The Frustrated Gardener and have new posts sent directly to your inbox

Join 8,218 other subscribers

Wordpress users click to subscribe here

Follow The Frustrated Gardener