Nan Lian Garden, 南蓮園池, Hong Kong

Reading time 11 minutes


“A classical garden in a modern city. serenity in the midst of urban hustle and bustle. Ingenious imitation of nature by man”

The English language printed guide for Nan Lian Garden is so interesting and comprehensive that I was almost tempted to repeat the text word-for-word rather than describe this lovely place in my own words. What is evident from the narrow, fold-out leaflet is that the government of Hong Kong is very proud of the garden it commissioned in 2003, and which opened to the public in 2006. So proud indeed, that they have already applied to have Nan Lian Garden and neighbouring Chi Lin Nunnery recognised as a World Heritage Site. I wish them well with that, although I suspect both attractions lack sufficient antiquity to make them a priority for protection. Nevertheless they have much to offer locals and visitors alike.


Reverently displayed bonsai in front of a building known as ‘The Rockery’, which is home to a collection of exquisitely shaped stones set in raked gravel
A beautifully cloud-pruned Buddhist pine, Podocarpus macrophyllus


‘New’ as they are (Chi Lin dates back no further than 1934), both sites have an air of authenticity. Their mission to “promote the long history of China and to strengthen the people of Hong Kong’s awareness and appreciation of traditional Chinese culture” may be, in part, politically motivated, but ultimately Hong Kong is now part of China and does not, on the whole, feel very Chinese. As gentle reminders go, Chi Lin and Nan Lian are particularly polite ones. And, as a regular visitor to Hong Kong and China with limited time to seek out gardens, I was very glad of the introduction to the Tang Dynasty style, which is what many of us would consider classical Chinese.


The Pavilion Bridge stands at the eastern end of the Blue Pond
A phoenix sits proudly on top of the bridge’s roof
A view towards Diamond Hill with the tea house on the left and Pavilion Bridge just right of centre


Nan Lian Garden is connected to Chi Lin Nunnery by a landscaped bridge, carefully contrived to conceal the highway running beneath. The entire plot is encircled by busy roads, yet clever landscaping ensures that, once inside, one is immersed in a peaceful park which borrows heavily from the vertiginous mountains sheltering Kowloon.


The Pavilion of Absolute Perfection is situated on an island in the middle of the Lotus Pond. The octagonal structure is surrounded by eight Buddhist pines and connected to land by vermillion-coloured Zi-Wu bridges
The Mill is at the centre of a romanticised vision of Chinese farm life


The design of Nan Lian Garden is based on Jiangshouju Garden in Shanxi Province, the only surviving Tang Dynasty garden in China. The essence of the Tang style is the creation of naturally beautiful scenes in miniature using springs, hillocks, clipped trees, flowers, pavilions, winding paths, rocks and bridges, composed in such a way that they create a seemless and ever-changing landscape. This is exactly what I picture in my head when I think about a Chinese garden. The design, which extends over 3.5 hectares, employs the art of borrowing, concealing, blocking and extending views to make the space feel very much more expansive than it is. To appreciate all the nuances of the garden I had to walk around it both clockwise and counterclockwise, in each direction experiencing different vistas and set-pieces.


A beautifully trained and pruned pine, probably Japanese black pine, Pinus thunbergii
A stepping stone path leads through a miniature pine forest
In Chinese landscape gardens rocks are considered the skeleton and water the flesh. Rocks are linked to zen meditation and the appreciation of rocks is counted as one of the pleasures of life


I chose a busy day to visit, so the garden was thronged with locals and a handful of tourists like myself. Due to the crowds some of the narrower paths were blocked off to protect the plants from trampling, which was a pity for me as I was itching to go beyond the barriers. Unfortunately the midday sun was so bright that the majority of my photographs came out very badly, but, if you close your eyes and imagine a pleasant, enveloping warmth, the sound of chatter dulled by a million leaves, and the hum of dragonflies flitting back and forth, you’ll have some appreciation of the calm sensation I experienced.


The maintenance of Nan Lian’s carefully contrived landscape never ceases


There is something unique about visiting a garden alone and without time pressure; it allows one to explore, tarry a while and retrace one’s steps without worrying about anyone else. All in all it’s very liberating. Feeling the most relaxed I have in months, I decided to venture into the tea house, Song Cha Xie, for a one-man tea ceremony. Once I’d been shown how to prepare my tea in the correct manner, I was left in serene silence for an hour and half to enjoy my 6 grams of rare Chinese tea, read my guide-book and contemplate the meaning of life.


The tea house is located on the northern bank of the Blue Pond and is reserved exclusively for those wishing to enjoy a traditional tea ceremony


I was fascinated to learn that the guiding principles of garden design, which  have been regurgitated by countless proponents of landscape design since and are still taught today, were first written by a Tang Dynasty poet named Lu Zongyuan. He wrote “the design for a garden should suit the people who use it, taking into consideration the environment and for the celebration of the beauty of nature”. And that was over 1,000 years ago.

Another poet of that era, Bai Juyi, wrote “Where there are places for relaxation in the mundane world, there is no need to live as a recluse in the mountains“, which is very much how I feel about urban living. So long as I have green spaces, gardens, trees, peace and quiet, I can forgo country life for all the benefits of living in the city.


The garden is reached by walking beneath two flyovers


Nan Lian Garden is based on nature, but goes beyond it, creating a heightened sense of reality and artistry. It successfully introduces visitors to the traditional Chinese style whilst accommodating visitors with modern facilities such as restaurants, shops, toilets and exhibition spaces. The gardens are open from 7am to 9pm daily and should be on every garden-lover’s Hong Kong itinerary. Click here to visit the garden’s website for further details. TFG.


Plants in Nan Lian Garden

  • Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii)
  • Chinese water pine (Glyptostrobus pensilis)
  • Japanese pagoda tree (Styphnolobium japonicum)
  • Chinese elm (Ulmus parvifolia)
  • Silver- back artopcarpus (Artocarpus hypargyreus)
  • Humped fig (Ficus tinctoria)
  • Chinese banyan (Ficus microcarpa)
  • Common red-stem fig (Ficus variegata)
  • Sago palm (Cycas revoluta)
  • Horned holly (Ilex cornuta)
  • Chinese box (Buxus microphylla var. sinica)
  • Chinese ash (Fraxinus chinensis)
  • Silk cotton tree (Bombax ceiba)
  • Common crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica)
  • Orange jasmine (Murraya paniculata)
  • Brazilian jasmine (Mandevilla spp.)
  • Chinese privet (Ligustrum retusum ‘Merrill’)
  • Birdwood’s mucuna (Mucuna birdwoodiana)
  • Bougainvillea glabra ‘Variegata’


Sago palm, Cycas revoluta





Categories: Container gardening, Flowers, Foliage, Landscape Design, Large Gardens, Parks, Photography, Plants, Travel, Tropical Gardens

Posted by The Frustrated Gardener

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10 comments On "Nan Lian Garden, 南蓮園池, Hong Kong"

    1. It’s something very different, for me particularly. This style requires a lot of vision, time and discipline to get right. I remind myself that Nan Lian is exactly the same age as my own garden, so anything is possible!

  1. Thank you so much for your recent trip posts. I have enjoyed being entertained, informed and amazed by the wonderful places visited. The sense of tranquility in the last garden has remained with me all morning.
    Sally Towers

    1. How lovely that my post had that effect! In such a frenetic city it was lovely for me to find somewhere I could relax a little. Kowloon Park, which I have written about previously, is nice, but not a patch on Nan Lian Garden.

    1. Oh yes. This is Hong Kong. Money is probably easier to come by than time, hence I imagine most of the trees were pretty mature at the time of planting. The pruning and rocks lend the garden a further measure of instant antiquity.

  2. Im going to HOng Kong next month and this garden is on my list. I could feel the seternity of the place just by looking at the pictures and knowing its history.. Thanks for sharing..

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